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Impacts on Fish and Shellfish Ecology

24 October 2013  
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Impacts on Fish and Shellfish Ecology

Wave & Tidal Consenting Position Paper Series

The potential impacts arising from wave and tidal energy devices (‘wave and tidal devices’) on fish and shellfish have been described previously (e.g. Gill, 2005; OSPAR, 2006; Faber Maunsell and Metoc, 2007; ABPmer, 2010; Boehlert and Gill, 2010; ICES, 2011; Frid et al., 2012; Aquatera, 2012; Rusu and Soares, 2013; Slaski et al., 2013). These studies identify the key potential impacts and the mechanisms underlying them for wave and tidal devices, and informed the priorities for research and the undertaking of Environmental Impact Assessment (‘EIA’).

This paper builds on the existing literature and the experiences gained by those involved in the wave and tidal energy industry (obtained through telephone interviews with eleven stakeholders in the regulatory and development sectors). The consensus from those interviewed is that effects of wave and tidal technologies on fish and shellfish ecology are generally considered less of a priority than effects on fisheries. However, fisheries impacts are not within the scope of this position paper and are therefore not discussed further.

The aim of this paper is to highlight key fish and shellfish issues and potential impacts that have arisen during the development of wave and tidal technologies, and to provide a consolidated understanding of the wave and tidal industry, knowledge gaps and key experiences.

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