Scotland reaps economic benefits of UK onshore wind, as England forges ahead offshore
06 October 2015
RenewableUK’s latest annual report Wind Energy in the UK shows that Scotland is taking the lead in deploying onshore wind, while England is lagging behind and is therefore missing out on some of the economic benefits that the onshore wind industry brings. However, England is racing ahead in the offshore wind sector.
The report notes that over 60% of UK onshore wind projects are now installed and operational in Scotland, and that Scottish onshore wind is now generating a higher annual turnover (£211 million) for the UK overall than England, Wales and Northern Ireland combined, as the total UK onshore wind turnover from capital spend in 2014/15 was £402 million.
During the 12 months covered by the report (July 2014 - June 2015), half of all construction activity and over 70% of new consents were in Scotland. In contrast, only 25% of capacity and less than 10% of new consents are in England – the lowest consenting rate in the UK.
The UK’s offshore wind sector remains focused in England, with almost 1.4 gigawatts of offshore wind constructed in English waters in 2014/15, meaning the benefits of construction and operation are being felt most by coastal English communities, such as Grimsby and Lowestoft.
Scottish offshore wind saw success in 2014/15 in securing financial support (in the form of new Contracts for Difference) from Government, and 2.3GW of capacity consented in 2014/15. However, this was still in contrast to the 4.9GW of new capacity consented in England last year.
£1.25 billion was invested directly into the UK because of wind energy in 2014/15; a £402m turnover for UK companies involved in onshore wind and £840m spent in the UK in offshore wind. More than 30,500 people in Britain depend on the wind industry for their livelihoods, with 15,500 direct and 15,078 indirect jobs.
In a survey for the report, 36% of RenewableUK’s member companies said they expected to grow by 10% or more over the next 18 months. However, 73% described the investment climate as less favourable than the previous 18 months (up from 48% the previous year), and 42% expected to decrease investment. Nearly 90% of companies said Government policy has become less favourable to renewables, compared to only 23% in 2011.
RenewableUK’s Chief Executive Maria McCaffery said: “We hope this report will serve as a wake-up call to Government, proving that the wind industry is delivering a substantial amount of clean power, investment and jobs to Britain – despite mixed messages from Ministers.
As this report notes, the Government has yet to set out its long term plan for energy policy. Ministers have stated that their objective is cutting carbon at the lowest cost to consumers, so it is difficult to understand why they are undermining investor confidence in the energy sector as a whole by announcing sudden unexpected changes in policy. This is especially true regarding onshore wind which is the lowest cost clean technology and is set to be cheaper than new gas by 2020, so it deserves to retain its place in our energy mix rather than being excluded from it.
The new study, unveiled at RenewableUK’s annual conference in Liverpool this morning, also notes that wind now generates 10% of the nation’s electricity needs. More than 2GW of capacity was installed in 2014/15 - a growth of 18%, bringing total UK capacity to over 13GW. This powers the equivalent of more than 8 million British homes, businesses and factories. Overall, 25% of the UK’s electricity is now generated from renewable sources.
- RenewableUK is the trade and professional body for the UK wind and marine renewables industries. Formed in 1978, and with more than 500 corporate members, RenewableUK is the leading renewable energy trade association in the UK.
- RenewableUK’s annual state of the industry report “Wind Energy in the UK” covers 1st July 2014 - 30th June 2015:
- Economic benefits to Scotland: The 344 megawatts (MW) of onshore wind installed in Scotland in 2014/15 resulted in a turnover of £211m for the UK as a whole, of which £165m was spent north of the border. The 1.2 gigawatts of onshore wind currently under construction in Scotland will deliver a turnover of £580m north of the border.
- Onshore wind: In 2014/15, 648MW was installed onshore, a reduction on the previous year’s high of 1.1GW. However, construction activity remains high (2GW), ahead of the closure of the Renewables Obligation.
Over £9m is paid annually to local communities by onshore wind farms, which equates to £230m over the lifetime of the projects.
The number of UK onshore projects submitted into the planning system was down by 64% (292 projects, compared to 807 projects submitted in 2013/14), with England showing the largest fall: 88%. However, the 64% drop does not translate into a corresponding fall in capacity, which fell by a relatively modest 5%.
UK approval rates at local level fell from 65% to 57%.
5.Offshore wind: In 2014/15, 1,394MW was installed offshore – an increase of 38%.
Over 7 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind capacity gained consent in 2014/15, but the pipeline of projects is largely dependent on future CfD allocation rounds – competitive auctions for financial support.
- Job numbers increased slightly compared to last year’s report which stated that a total of 30,410 people work in the sector (15,425 directly and 14,985 indirectly).
7.Wind delivers 49% of the UK’s renewable electricity (31% onshore and 18% offshore).